In this paper we study the calibration of specific multi-factorial Heath-Jarrow-Morton models to electricity market prices, with a focus on the estimation of the optimal number of factors. We describe a common statistical procedure based on likelihood maximisation and Akaike / Bayesian information criteria, in the case of calibration on futures prices, as well as on both spot and futures prices. We perform a detailed analysis on 6 European markets: Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Switzerland and UK. The results show a lot of similarities on all the markets considered, especially on the optimal number of factors equal to 5; and on the behaviour of the different factors.
1 juillet 2020