Séminaire FDD-FiME // D. Benatia

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Séminaire FDD-FiME // D. Benatia

9 juin @ 14 h 00 min - 15 h 00 min

David Benatia (HEC Montreal, CREST-ENSAE)

Title : Air Pollution and Children’s Health Inequalities.

This paper examines the differential impacts of early childhood exposure to air pollution on children's health care use across parental income groups using French administrative data. We isolate a quasi-experimental air pollution shock based on variations in local thermal inversion exposure between birth cohorts within municipalities. We provide causal evidence that short-term increases in air pollution exposure early in life affect the likelihood of emergency admissions and medication use related to respiratory problems in young children.  We uncover large air pollution-related health inequalities between children by  estimating the treatment effect heterogeneity with machine learning. We find that the health effects are concentrated in about 10\% of the infant population, who are not necessarily the most exposed. These infants are mainly characterized  by a combination of poor health indicators at birth but also by lower parental income.

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Date :
9 juin
Heure :
14 h 00 min - 15 h 00 min


Institut Henri Poincaré